The subject of this thesis is catalytic conversion of non-food, plentiful, and renewable biomass resembling cellulose and chitin to chemical compounds. In biorefinery, chemical transformation of polymers to invaluable compounds has attracted all over the world curiosity for development sustainable societies. First, the present scenario of this sizzling examine quarter has been summarized good within the normal advent of the thesis, which is helping readers to get to grips with this subject. subsequent, the writer explains high-yielding creation of glucose from cellulose through the use of an alkali-activated carbon as a catalyst, leading to a yield of glucose as excessive as 88%, that is one of many maximum yields ever pronounced. The characterization of carbon fabrics has indicated that susceptible acid websites at the catalyst advertise the response, that is markedly varied from said catalytic structures that require powerful acids. moreover, the 1st catalytic transformation of chitin with retention of N-acetyl teams has been built. the combo of mechanocatalytic hydrolysis and thermal solvolysis allows the creation of N-acetylated monomers in stable yields of as much as 70%. The catalytic platforms proven during this thesis are exact within the fields of either chemistry and chemical engineering, and their excessive efficiencies can give a contribution to eco-friendly and sustainable chemistry sooner or later. in the meantime, mechanistic reports according to characterization, thermodynamics, kinetics, and version reactions have additionally been played to bare the jobs of catalysts in the course of the reactions. the consequences may be worthwhile for readers to layout and advance new catalysts and response systems.
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