Those notes have been first utilized in an introductory path staff taught by way of the authors at Appalachian kingdom collage to complicated undergraduates and starting graduates. The textual content was once written with 4 pedagogical targets in brain: supply a number of subject matters in a single direction, get to the most issues and instruments as successfully as attainable, exhibit the relationships among the various issues, and comprise contemporary effects to persuade scholars that arithmetic is a dwelling self-discipline.
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