This e-book is Prof. Givón's long-awaited serious exam of the basic theoretical and methodological underpinnings of the functionalist method of grammar. It demanding situations functionalists to take their very own medication and determine non-circular empirical definitions of either 'function' and 'structure'. Ideological hand-waving, besides the fact that fervent and right-thinking, is seldom an enough alternative for analytic rigor and empirical accountability. If the reductionist extremism of many of the structuralist colleges is to be challenged on reliable highbrow grounds, the problem can't itself be both severe in its reductionism. The booklet is split into 9 chapters: 1. Prospectus, a bit of jaundiced (overview) 2. Markedness as meta-iconicity: Distributional and cognitive correlates of syntactic constitution three. The sensible foundation of grammatical typology four. Modal prototypes of fact and motion five. Taking constitution heavily: Constituency and the vice chairman node 6. Taking constitution heavily II: Grammatical kin and clause union 7. The distribution of grammar in textual content: On studying conditional institutions eight. Coming to phrases with cognition: Coherence in textual content vs. coherence in brain nine. at the co-evolution of language, brain and mind.

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