Deixis – the rooting of utterances within the speech state of affairs – is without doubt one of the such a lot salient universals of ordinary language. The ways that various languages hyperlink utterances to pragmatic elements akin to speech time, speech position, and speech contributors convey a wealthy version. This makes deixis a specific fruitful area for the examine of universals, language comparability, and the connection among language and fact. This quantity provides and discusses deictic structures of either Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages, together with Russian, Czech, Spanish, German (standard and dialect), Hungarian, chinese language, jap, Hausa, Swahili, Hopi, Eipo, Tolai, Diyari. concentration is on spatial deixis, yet different deictic and demonstrative expressions are handled to boot.
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