By Mark Ravina

Examining neighborhood politics in 3 eastern domain names (Yonezawa, Tokushima, and Hirosaki), this publication exhibits how warlords (daimyo) and their samurai tailored the idea and perform of warrior rule to the peacetime demanding situations of demographic switch and quick fiscal progress within the mid-Tokugawa period.

The writer has a twin function. the 1st is to envision the influence of shogunate/domain kin on warlord legitimacy. even if the shogunate had preferrred energy in international and army affairs, it left a lot of civil legislation within the fingers of warlords. during this civil realm, Japan resembled a federal union (or “compound state”), with the warlords as semi-independent sovereigns, instead of a unified country with the shogunate as sovereign. The warlords have been therefore either vassals of the shogun and self sufficient lords. within the technique of his research, the writer places ahead a brand new thought of warlord legitimacy that allows you to clarify the endurance in their autonomy in civil affairs.

The moment function is to check the quantitative measurement of warlord rule. Daimyo, the writer argues, struggled opposed to either fiscal and demographic pressures. it really is in those struggles that domain names manifested so much in actual fact their autonomy, constructing special neighborhood recommendations to the issues of protoindustrialization and peasant depopulation. In formulating recommendations to advertise and regulate financial progress and to extend the peasant inhabitants, domain names drew seriously on their claims to semisovereign authority and constructed rules that expected practices of the Meiji state.

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