By Mary Dalrymple

In lots of languages, the gadgets of transitive verbs are both marked by way of grammatical case or contract at the verb, or they continue to be unmarked: this is often differential item marking. This publication is a cross-linguistic research of the way differential item marking is suffering from info constitution, the structuring of the utterance in line with the informational price of its components and contextual elements. Marked items are usually linked to outdated info or details that the sentence is set, whereas unmarked gadgets are likely to show new details. The booklet additionally sheds mild on grammatical patterning in languages with differential item marking: in a few languages marked and unmarked gadgets have exact grammatical houses, while in different languages marked gadgets are extra energetic in syntax. eventually, it presents a conception of the ancient adjustments that bring about the emergence of assorted styles of differential item marking.

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