By Jarmo Kotilaine
This examine is the 1st complete overview of Russia's advertisement kin with the surface international within the 17th century and of the connection among alternate and financial progress. in line with exhaustive examine in a few thirty archival repositories, it represents the 1st systematic quantification of commodity flows around the variety of Russia's exchange companions. The publication finds overdue Muscovy to were an more and more open economic system, experiencing striking advertisement enlargement pushed largely through its interplay with the surface international. It essentially debunks the idea of pre-Petrine Russia as a closed and stagnant, basically mediaeval, society and tested a transparent hyperlink among seventeenth-century financial coverage and Russia's next upward thrust to develop into one of many nice powers of the area.
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