By Neil DeVotta
This learn argues that political Buddhism and Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism have contributed to a nationalist ideology that has been used to extend and perpetuate Sinhalese Buddhist supremacy inside of a unitary Sri Lankan country; create legislation, ideas, and buildings that institutionalize such supremacy; and assault those that disagree with this time table as enemies of the nation. The nationalist ideology is motivated by way of Sinhalese Buddhist mytho-history that used to be deployed by means of clergymen and politics within the past due 19th and 20th centuries to claim that Sri Lanka is the distinct sanctuary for Theravada Buddhism, belongs to Sinhalese Buddhists, and Tamils and others stay there merely because of Sinhalese Buddhist sufferance. This ideology has enabled majority superordination, minority subordination, and a separatist warfare waged through the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The examine indicates either LTTE terrorism and the ethnocentric nature of the Sri Lankan country, which hotels to its personal varieties of terrorism whilst struggling with the civil conflict, have to be triumph over if the island is to develop into a liberal democracy. the current executive of President Mahinda Rajapakse is the 1st to completely include the Sinhalese Buddhist nationalist ideology, suggesting political strategy to Sri Lanka's ethnic clash is not going. significant devolution of energy, wherein Tamils may possibly coalesce with their ethnic opposite numbers amidst equality and self-respect, isn't really within the offing. an answer alongside federal strains is principally not likely. as an alternative, persisted conflict or even assaults on Christians and Muslims appear to be in shop for Sri Lanka because the Sinhalese Buddhist nationalist ideology is extra consolidated. The learn recommends that the foreign neighborhood undertake a extra proactive stance in selling a plural kingdom and society in Sri Lanka. as well as countering the terrorist equipment hired by way of the LTTE, the foreign group may still start up and aid measures to guard basic civil liberties and human rights of Sri Lanka's ethnic and non secular minority groups. this can be the 40th book in coverage reviews, a peer-reviewed East-West middle Washington sequence that offers scholarly research of key modern family and overseas political, financial, and strategic concerns affecting Asia in a coverage proper demeanour.
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