By Barry M. Stentiford

Jim Crow refers to a suite of legislation in lots of states, predominantly within the South, after the top of Reconstruction in 1877 that critically constrained the rights and privileges of African american citizens. As a caste procedure of large social and fiscal importance, the institutionalization of Jim Crow used to be the main major aspect in African American existence until eventually the Sixties Civil Rights flow resulted in its dismantling. Racial segregation, in addition to responses to it and resistance opposed to it, ruled the African American cognizance and persisted to oppress African americans and different minorities, whereas engendering the most vital African American contributions to society. This significant encyclopedia is the 1st dedicated to the Jim Crow period. The period is encapsulated via greater than 275 essay entries on such parts as legislations, media, enterprise, politics, employment, faith, schooling, humans, occasions, tradition, the humanities, protest, the army, category, housing, activities, and violence in addition to via accompanying key fundamental records excerpted as facet bars. This set will function a useful, definitive source for pupil learn and normal knowledge.

The authoritative entries are written via a bunch of historians with services within the Jim Crow period. the standard content material is available in an easy-to-access structure. Readers can speedy locate issues of curiosity, with alphabetical and topical lists of entries within the frontmatter, besides cross-references to similar entries in keeping with access. extra studying is equipped in line with access. Dynamic sidebars all through provide additional perception into the subjects. A chronology, chosen bibliography, and images around out the insurance. pattern entries comprise advertisements, Affirmative motion, militia, Black cupboard, Blues, Brooklyn Dodgers, Bolling v. Sharpe, accomplice Flag, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Detroit Race insurrection 1943, Ralph Ellison, Eyes at the Prize, G.I. invoice, Healthcare, Homosexuality, Intelligence trying out, eastern Internment, Liberia, Minstrelsy, Nadir of the Negro, ballot Taxes, Rhythm and Blues, Rural Segregation, Sharecropping, sunset cities, Booker T. Washington, Works undertaking management, international battle II.

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